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This European movement had two poles: the exercise of reason over superstition, and exaltation and humility in the face of the Sublime - beauty, nature and other absolutes. These tended in different directions: the former to reductionism, the latter towards Romanticism (a Platonic, antimaterialist artistic ideal). The movement originated in Paris, Edinburgh and Weimar, spreading to London and New England. In many ways. the Enligtenment completed Renaissance Humanism, which ushered in, yet contradicted, the Lutheran Reformation.