Research Centres will not only conduct research of outstanding originality but also aspire to achieve a significant step-change in scholarship. The aim is to encourage new approaches and 'disruptive thinking' which may establish or reshape a field of study and which will transform our understanding of a topic of significance to contemporary societies. To achieve this, the expectation is that Centres will draw upon a range of disciplinary perspectives and expertise, perhaps bringing new disciplinary mixes to bear on an emerging topic of societal significance. They should have the capacity to become internationally-recognised ‘centres of research excellence’ in the chosen area. The Trust has a reputation for encouraging research which is often fundamental or curiosity-driven (so-called 'blue skies'), multi-disciplinary, and perhaps somewhat higher risk. Applicants are therefore invited to be bold in compiling their bids.